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Frequently Asked Questions
 
 
 
How sandalwood can be purchased? TOP

Sandalwood occurs extensively mostly in the Eastern Ghats ranging from Vellore district  in the North east of Tamil Nadu to the Nilgiris in the west in the dry deciduous forests of the region.  In Tamilnadu only dead and drying sandal trees are extracted and brought to depots for rough cleaning and final cleaning.  The final cleaned sandalwood is sold in public auction in three sandalwood depots at Tirupathur, Salem and Sathyamangalam at regular intervals. To purchase sandalwood through auction sales, firm or individual must register their name with the respective District Forest Officers, participate in the sale and offer highest bid.

Sandalwood can also be purchased through retail sale of Forest Department.  The retail sale of sandalwood shall be ordered by the following officers to meet the bonafide local demands. (G.O. Ms. No. 1228, Forests and Fisheries dept., dated 6.10.1983)

a) District Forest Officer

Upto 5 kilograms to private individuals.

b) Conservator of Forests

i) Upto 10 kilograms to private individuals.
ii) Upto 100 kilograms to temples.

c) Chief Conservator of Forests

i) Upto 50 kilograms to private individuals.
ii) Upto 500 kilograms to temples.

The sale rates are fixed by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and communicated to all officers once in a year. Based on the rate the sandalwood is sold in retail sale.  In G.O.Ms.No.429, Environment and Forests Department, dated 24.10.1997, District Forest Officers have been permitted to sell upto 10 M. Tonnes of sandalwood to temples under the control of HR & CE, enterprises under the control of Tamilnadu Khadi and Village Industries Board, Government enterprises and organisations like IMPCOPS manufacturing medicines under the control of Co-operation Department. Government in their G.O.Ms.No.37, Environment and Forest Department, dated 10.2.1999 have authorized the Forest Department to sell upto 10 M.Tonnes of sandalwood to small users through retail sale.

 
How sandalwood IS TRANSPORTED FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER? TOP
 
According to Tamil Nadu Sandalwood Transit Rules 1967, no person shall import sandalwood into or export sandalwood from or move sandalwood within any place in the State unless such sandalwood is accompanied either by a permit referred to in Rule 4 or by a way permit referred to in rule 6 and unless such sandalwood  bears the mark of the Government of Origin, as provided in rule 7 of the property mark in respect of such sandalwood which has been duly registered in accordance with rule 7.

The Forest Department issues the permits mentioned above in Form I, Form II and Form III after collection of necessary fees.

 
how sandalwood can be extracted from private lands and patta lands? whether property mark registration will be required for this? TOP
 

For extraction of Sandalwood trees from private lands (ie. assigned lands) and  registration of a property mark application shall be made to the District Forest Officer concerned furnishing all particulars in Form IV as specified in Tamil Nadu Sandalwood Transit Rules, 1967.  The District Forest Officer or his authorized officer shall inspect the trees and with the consent of the owner of the land affix the departmental hammer mark on each tree and issue written permission for the extraction of the trees and grant a certificate of registration of property mark in Form V for the transport of the trees by the owner to a central place for final cleaning.  The pattadars will be permitted to dispose off the wood or to transport it to any other place from the Central place wherein it has been stored after obtaining specific orders of the Government.

In order to simplify the procedure and to encourage the private owners to grow more sandalwood trees in their patta lands the Government have framed "The Tamil Nadu Sandalwood Trees on patta lands Rules, 2008" effective 27th November 2008.  As per these rules sandalwood trees grown on any patta land will be property of pattadar.  However the  owner of sandalwood trees has to sell his trees to Government only.  For this purpose he shall apply to District Forest Officer in Form-I appended to these Rules with list of trees and necessary documents. The District Forest Officer after due inspections and verification shall grant permission to sell those trees to Government.  Forest Ranger Officer concerned will extract those trees and transport them to Final Cleaning Depot.  Extraction and recording of measurement of trees will be done in the presence of the owner.  After final cleaning is over the District Forest Officer will arrive at the total quantity of final cleaned wood and sapwood obtained from those extracted trees and calculate their value (sale price) based upon the average sale price of previous sale.  Twenty percent of this sale price shall be deducted towards extraction, transport, final cleaning and administrative charges and balance 80% will be paid to the owner.

In case the owner of the sandalwood trees is aggrieved by the fixation of sale price by the District Forest Officer he may prefer an Appeal to Conservator of Forests  concerned within 30 days from the date of receipt of orders of District Forest Officer in this regard.  The Conservator of Forests shall give the appellant an opportunity of being heard and pass orders on the appeal which shall be final.

 
WHETHER THERE IS ANY REGULATION ON POSSESSION OF SANDALWOOD BY PUBLIC? TOP
The possession of sandalwood in Tamil Nadu is regulated under Tamil Nadu Sandalwood Possession Rules, 1970.  As per Rule 3(1) of these rules no person shall possess or stock sandalwood in excess of five kilograms without a licence issued by District Forest Officer.  If any person intends to possess or store sandalwood in excess of 5 kilograms he shall apply to the District Forest Officer in Form I and obtain a licence after paying the fees prescribed in sub rule (7) of rule 4.
WHETHER GOVERNMENT HAVE PRESCRIBED NORMS FOR PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION IN CASE OF DEATH OR INJURY CAUSED TO HUMAN BEINGS DUE TO ATTACK BY WILD ANIMALS?  WHETHER COMPENSATION IS PAYABLE IN CASE OF DAMAGE CAUSED TO CROPS, HOUSES, LIVESTOCK, VEHICLES, etc. by wildlife? top

(1) Government have approved norms for payment of compensation to the victims for loss of human life, permanent incapacitation, major injury, crop damage and various other damages caused by wildlife vide G.O. Ms. No.98, Environment and Forest (FR5)  Department, dated 17.8.2011 as detailed below:

(a) To the legal heirs of the deceased. Rs.3,00,000/- (Rupees Three lakh only).
(b) Permanent incapacitation. (To the incapacitated person) Rs.3,00,000/- (Rupees Three lakh only)
(In respect of (a) and (b) above, an immediate relief of Rs.25,000/- would be granted and the remaining amount would be paid after completing all the required formalities.)

(2) Relief for the losses to the houses, crops, other than human death / injury caused by the attack of wild animals:-

(a) Damages to the crops  Rs.25,000/- (Rupees Twenty five thousand only) per acre or as per actual whichever is less.
Coconut Tree - Rs.500/- per tree.
(b) Damages to the tiled / RCC house /
Thatched house.
Fully damaged house:
Pucca house - Rs.35,000/- per house;  Kucha house - Rs.10,000/- per house
Severely damaged house:
Pucca house - Rs.5,000/- per house;  Kucha house - Rs.2,500/- per house
Partially damaged house:
Rs.1,500/- per house
(c) Damage to Vehicle, loss of cattle or livestock Milch Cattle - Rs.10,000/-, Bullock - Rs.10,000/-, Goat - Rs.2,000/-, Sheep - Rs.1,500/-,
Pig - Rs.1,000/- Poultry - Rs.100/- per bird or actual value whichever is less
(d) Cloth / Household articles / Other household Actual loss or Rs.2,000/- whichever is less.
(e) Damage to shop Rs.4,000/-
(f) Damage to irrigation or drinking water wells,
electronic motor
Rs.2,000/-
(g) Vehicle compensation Rs.2,000/-
 

For more details see Government Order No. 205

Can anyone possess wildlife? WHETHER HUNTING OF WILD ANIMALS IS PERMISSIBLE? WHETHER TRADE IN WILD ANIMALS AND THEIR DERIVATIVES IS PERMISSIBLE UNDER THE ACT? TOP
 

The matters related to Wild animals are dealt under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.  This is a Central Act, which provides protection to the wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental there to.   As per this act, hunting of wild animals has been completely banned except in certain cases and special purposes.  Every wild animal is Government property unless any one through proper possession licences has obtained it.  Trade of  wild animals or their derivatives has also been banned under the provisions of this Act.  Hence no member of the public can own a wild animal or indulge in trade of such animals or their derivatives.

Any members of the public who comes into possession of any wild animal or its derivatives is required to surrender such wild animal or derivatives to the wildlife authorities immediately since possession of such animal or article shall be in violation of the provisions of this act. 

What should arms licence holder do if he lives in the vicinity of national park or sanctuary? TOP
 

All members of public living within 10 kms. of the boundary of Sanctuary or National Park have to register their names with the wildlife authorities in case they are holding any arm licence.  No new licence under arms act is to be granted within 10 kms. of any Sanctuary or National Park without prior concurrence of State Chief Wildlife Warden.

What should I do to transport timber from one place to another? TOP

 

As per provisions of Tamil Nadu Timber Transit Rules, 1968 no person shall move timber into or from or within the State by land, water or air unless such timber is accompanied by a permit prescribed therefor under Rule 4.  However no permit is necessary in following cases:

(i)         when timber is moved within the limits of a municipality or a corporation under an invoice given by timber merchants.

(ii)        All sawn timber where the smallest dimension is less than 5 cm in thickness and does not exceed 12 decimeters in length

(iii)       timber removed under the concession granted.

(iv)       small wood for fuel and bamboos in head loads or smaller quantities

(v)        firewood purchased from depots or markets for domestic consumption if transported within municipal limits. 

 

 In the case of timber from Government lands, the permit shall be in Form-I and shall be in print. Form-I permits will be issued by the District Forest Officer concerned or any officer authorized by him.  In the case of timber from private lands, markets or depots in the district and in the case of subsequent movement of timber the permit shall be in Form II and shall be in print.  A Form-II permit shall on application be issued by the Ranger having jurisdiction on payment of prescribed fee.  A way permit in Form III is granted in exchange for each permit in Form I or Form II at the first checking station on the route by which the timber passes.  These permits shall be either in English or Tamil language.  The permit shall be valid only for the time specified in the permit by the issuing authority. 

The following species of timber have been exempted from the purview of Tamil Nadu Timber Transit Rules and hence no permit is required to transport them.

Botanical name

Tamil name

Trade name

Prosopis juliflora

Seemaikaruvel or Velikaruvai

The Mesquite

Casuarina equisetifolia

Savukku

Casuarina

Leucaena leucocephala

Savundal

Subabul

Borassus flabellifer

Panai

Palmyrah

Erythrina indica

Kalyana murungai

Dadops

Acacia planifrons

Nattu Odai

Umbrella thorn

Acacia leucophloea

Velvelan

White Bark Acacia         Panicled Acacia

Ailanthus excellsa

Perumaram, Pinari, Pimaram

Maharukh

Albizzia lebbeck

Vagai

Maharukh, East Indian Walnut, Siris

Anacardium accedentale

Munthiri

Cashew

Anthocephalus cadamba

Vella Kadambu, Kola-aiyila

Kadam

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Pala

Jack

Azadirachta indica

Vembu

Neem, Margosa

Bamboo (All species)

Mungil

Bamboo

Bombax ceiba

Elavamaram, Mullilavu, Ilavu

Red silk cotton tree, Kapok

Caesalpinia sappan

Sapangu, Patunga

Sappan

Cassia siamea

Ponnavarai, Manja konnai

Cassia

Casuarina junghuniana

Savukku

Casuarina

Ceiba pentandra

 Elavampanju, Ulagamaram

White silk cotton tree, Kapok

Dalbergia sissoo

Sissoo, Shisham

Sissoo

Erythrina  (All species)

Kalyana Murungai, Murukku

Coral tree

Eucalyptus                                                          (All species except  E.globulus and E.grandis)

Thailamaram (excepting Karpuramaram)

Eucalyptus

Gmelina arborea

Kumil, Kumalan, Kumla

Gamari

Hevea braziliensis         

Rubber maram

Rubber

Hibiscus tiliaceous

Neer paruthi, Aatru-puvarasu

Sea Hibiscus

Madhuca species (All species)

Illuppai

Mohua

Mangifera indica

Mamaram

Mango

 Melia azadirachta

Malai vembu, Turuka vembu

Persian Lilac

Melia dubia

Malai Masaveppu

Malabar Neem

Morinda tomentosa

Manjanathi, Nona

Morinda, Suranji

Pithecellobium species (All species)

Kodukapuli, Korukkappuli

Manila Tamarind

Pongamia pinnata

Pungam, Pungan

Pongam, Indian Beach

Samanea saman

Thoongu Moonji Maram

Rain tree

Sweitenia macrophylla

Mahogany

Mahogany

Sweitenia mahogani

Mahogany

Mahogany

Syzygium species (All species)

Naaval

Jamun, Indian cherry

Tamarindus indica

Puli, Puliyan

Tamarind

Tecoma stans

Swarna patti

Esperanza

Thespesia populnea

Poovarasu

Indian Portia tree, Indian Tulip

Toona ciliata

Malaivembu, Santhanavembu

Red Cedar, Toon

Gravillea robusta

Silver Oak, Seemai savukku

Silver oak

 
Is there any NECESSITY FOR GETTING PERMISSION TO CUT TREES BEFORE ONE THINKS OF TRANSPORTING THE TIMBER OBTAINED FROM CUTTING THESE TREES? TOP
 

In certain cases prior permission of competent authority to cut trees will be necessary.  To cut any trees in the areas notified under Tamil Nadu Hill Areas (Preservation of Trees) Act, 1955 and Tamil Nadu Preservation of Private Forest Act, 1949 prior permission should be obtained from the District Committee headed by the District Collector.  The District Committees have been constituted by the Government under above said Acts.  The District Forest Officer is a member in the said Committee.  Applications for cutting of trees are decided by the committee, which may meet as often as necessary.  As per rules there shall not be more than two months interval between two meetings of the Committee.  Trees of spontaneous growth are not permitted for felling.  For felling of trees of spontaneous growth, permission from Hon'ble Supreme Court of India is mandatory.  This order is specific for Tamil Nadu.

The following tree species have been notified as Scheduled Timber vide Tamil Nadu Forest Act, 1882.
  • Black wood.
  • Red Sanders.
  • Rosewood.
  • Sandalwood.
  • Teakwood.
No person shall possess a quantity of any scheduled timber, more than 0.50 cubic meters unless the scheduled timber bears distinguishable Government mark or property mark affixed under the Tamil Nadu Timber Transit Rules 1968 as the case may be.  Hence prior permission of District Forest Officer concerned should be obtained to fell any scheduled tree from private land if the out turn of timber is likely to exceed 0.50 cubic meter.

As per provisions of Tamil Nadu Rosewood Trees (Conservation) Act, 1994 no green Rosewood tree can be felled from any forests.  Here the word  "Forest" includes waste land or community land containing trees, shrubs and roads, pasture land and any other class of land declared by notification by the Government to be a forest.  However dead or fallen rosewood tree can be removed from the forest with the permission of the Collector under proviso to Rule (3) of  Tamil Nadu Rosewood Trees (Conservation) Act 1994.  The ban on felling of rosewood will continue up to 13-02-2025. 

 
Is there any regular manufaturing and sale of Bio Fertilizer and from where I can get? TOP
Bio-fertilizers like Vermicasting, Vesicular Arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM), Azospirillum, Rhizobium, Phosphobacteria and Frankia are being manufactured and available for sales.
 
S No Name of the Biofertilisers Total production (kg) Total disposal (kg) Balance (kg)
1 Azospirillum 171804.35 173954.35 4150.00
2 Phosphobacteria 190860.72 186860.72 4000.00
3 Rhizobium 8662.00 8562.00 100.00
4 VAM 194631.00 184439.00 10192.00
5 Vermicasting 559796.00 507315.00 52481.00
 
Seeds available for the following species:
S No Name of the Species Quantity (kgs)
1 Bambusa bamboo 140.00
2 Canarium strictum 94.4
3 Casuarina junghuniana 0.875
4 Dalbergia latifolia 129.4
5 Caesalpinia coriarea 77.80
6 Acrocarpus fraxinifolius 2.05
7 Eucalyptus territicornis 4.55
8 Melia dubia 136.0
9 Parkinsonia aculeata 9.0
10 Pterocarpus marsupium 367.0
11 Sapindus emarginatus 72.0
12 Tamarindus indica 50.0
13 Terminalia tomentosa 82.0
14 Terminalia bellarica 256.5
15 Terminalia arjuna 708.0
16 Oxytenathera nigrociliata 28.0
17 Emblica officinalis 33.2
18 Pongamia pinnata (pod) 29.0
19 Santalum album 8.0
20 Holoptelia integrifolia 25.0
21 Acacia ferruginia 172.0
22 Tectona grandis 124.0
 
For purchase please contact:
The Divisional Forest Officer,
Modern Nursery Division,
Dharmapuri - 636 705
Tamil Nadu.
Phone: 04342-234215
Email: biofertilizerunitdharmapuritn@yahoo.co.in
 
What are all economically important medicinal plant species? TOP
Gloriosa superba
Phyllanthus amarus
Vithania somnifera
Alpinia galangal
Acorus colomus
Campheria galanga
Chlophytum borevillianum
Coleus forscoli
Stevia rhambodina
What are economically important fast growing tree species? TOP

Ailanthus excelsa
Melia dubia
Kaya senegalensis
Anthocephalus cadamba
Alstronia scholaris
Albizia richardiana
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
Casuarina junghuniana
Bamboo (Malocanna baccifera, Bambusa nutans, B. Bamboos, B. tulda, B. vulgaris, B. Balcooa)

 
 
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