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Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Vedanthangal birds sanctuary is one of the smallest and oldest in the country with a unique history. The local people have been protecting the sanctuary for centuries now because they have realized that the bird droppings falling into the tank increases nitrogen content of the water and when used to irrigate crop increases the yield greatly and saves the cost of fertilizers. As far back as 1798, the village folk convinced the authorities to give protection to the birds of the 30 ha. area of the Vedanthangal tank. Around 30000 birds come every season even though the area is just 30 ha It then attracts multitudes of herons, egrets, storks, ibises and spoon bills. If the monsoon is heavy, these trees can be partially submerged. Despite its compact size, Vedanthangal is worth a visit, especially between October and January, for the experience of seeing nesting birds in the thousand within close range.

Cattle Egret

The Vedanthangal Lake Birds Sanctuary at 122 m above MSL lies 48 km inland fro the Bay of Bengal in Chengalpet District of Tamil Nadu.

The rain fed Vedanthangal tank is dry through much of the summer. An earthen embankment along its western precincts impounds the water when the tank begins to fill in August. It donot support permanent water plants.The Barringtonia trees at the edges and the center of the tank supports the nests and are scenes of hectic activity. Their crowns, looking like leafy green islands in the water serve as nesting platforms and perch-sites.
Openbilled Stork
One of the first birds to arrive at Vedanthal are Openbilled storks and breed twice during the same season before leaving the sanctuary.Egrets,Spot billed pelican, Painted stork, Great cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Darter, Eurasian spoonbill, Asian openbill, Black-headed Ibis, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Great Egret.are seen in large numbers. Some of the other commonly seen waterfowl are the white ibis, night heron, darter, pond heron and ducks like Comb duck, pintails, common teals, dabchick, shoveller,black-winged stilt, little stilt, red shank, sand piper, ringed plover, curlew etc., and arboreal birds like parakeets, babblers, mynas, barbets, bee-eater, rollers, cuckoos onoles, drongos etc., and raptors such as blck winged kite, Brahminy kite, short-toed eagle, pariah kite etc., are seen in Vedanthangal . Mammals seen here are Jackal, Jungle Cat, Wild Boar, Black-naped Hare.
Painted Stork
Distance by road: Chengelput 34 km, Mamallapuram 45 km, Chennai 82 km. towards the south west and is approached by NH 45
Tourist info

Best time to visit: November to March

Open Season Throughout the year
Best time to visit - November to April
One Forest Rest House available at site

Wildlife Warden,
259 Anna Salai, DMS compound,
Teynampet. Chennai 600 006
Ph. 044-24321471

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