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projects and programs
 
 
Tamil Nadu has 22,877 sq.kms. of recorded forest area which is only 17.59% of the geographical area of 1,30,058 sq. kms of the State. The Forest and tree cover is 28,710 sq. kms which is 22.07% of the total geographical area of the State as assessed by the Forest Survey of India (State of Forest Report 2013) as against 33.33% envisaged in National Forest Policy, 1988.  There is an urgent need to increase the forest / tree cover of the State.

The National Forest Policy, 1988 sets the basic objectives, essentials and strategies of forest management. The principal aim of this policy is to ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance, which is vital for sustenance of all life forms, human, animal and plant.  The derivation of direct economic benefit is to be subordinated to this principal aim.  Ecological stabilization, protection of forests, wildlife conservation, conserving genetic resources maintenance of natural forests, enhancing forest productivity, enrichment of the forests' water resources and increasing the forest and tree cover in the state, constitute the main components of the State’s Forest Policy.

 The forest in Tamil Nadu are managed with the following objectives:
  • Biodiversity and genetic resource conservation by protection of forests and wildlife.
  • Augmentation of water resources in forest areas.
  • Rehabilitation and restoration of degraded forests for improvement of forest cover.
  • Enhancing tree cover outside forests for livelihood security and climate change mitigation. 
  • Welfare of Tribal and Forest fringe villagers to ensure economic prosperity alongwith ecological stability.
In order to meet the above objectives, forest policy plans to chart out new paths, develop new relationships and fine-tune to the rapidly changing societal demands for forest goods and services by adopting the following strategies to promote a comprehensive forest based development of the State.        
 
  • Biodiversity and genetic resource conservation.
  • Catchment area protection and watershed management.
  • Enhancing climatic resilience in moderately dense and open forests.
  • Forest protection.
  • Increasing tree cover outside forests.
  • Socio-economic development of forest fringe villages.
  • Tribal development.
  • Eco-Tourism.
  • Research, Transfer of Technology and Extension.
  • Infrastructure development.
  • Application and development of GIS, MIS and E-Governance.
  • Human resources Management
 
 The Following are the 11 thrust areas.
  • Increase tree cover outside forests
  • Increase forest / tree cover inside forests
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Tribal development
  • Coastal area management
  • Catchments area management
  • Forest protection
  • Research and geographical information system
  • Empowerment of women
  • Human resources management
  • Infrastructure development
   
 
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